Insomnia is one of the most common sleep disorders that people around the world suffer from, and it isn’t limited to any age, gender, race, or demographic. If you are suffering from insomnia, the good news is that you can get over it. It will be a challenge, but it is possible if you understand more about insomnia, the types of insomnia, what causes it, and how to deal with it. Below you will find everything you need to know…
Everyone experiences insomnia in different ways, and the symptoms of this sleep disorder range from mild to fairly serious, depending on how long it lasts. Some of the most common symptoms include:
- Waking up often in the middle of the night
- Waking up earlier than you should or before you feel rested
- Having a hard time getting to sleep at night
- Feeling tired or not well-rested when you wake up in the morning
- Being anxious, depressed, or irritable
- Feeling sleepy or fatigued during the day
- Getting headaches as a result of tension
- Making more mistakes and having more accidents than normal
- Having a hard time concentrating and paying attention
- Worrying about your lack of sleep
- Feeling problems in your stomach and intestines
All of these things are symptoms of insomnia, but did you know that there are different kinds of insomnia?
Types of Insomnia
General insomnia is the name given to the simple form of insomnia, but there are actually 10 types of insomnia overall:
- Idiopathic, a sleep disorder that lasts from childhood into adulthood
- Adjustment or acute, usually the result of a new source of stress
- Insomnia as a result of caffeine or drug use
- Behavioral, when children stay awake all night due to a lack of a set bedtime
- Insomnia related to some medical condition, such as a mental disorder or thyroid problem
- Organic, unspecified, which is when there is a physical cause, but it hasn’t yet been determined what the cause is
- Nonorganic, unspecified, which is when all physical causes of the sleep disorder has been ruled out but the real cause hasn’t been found
- Psychophysiological, often the result of over-anxiety or worry
- Paradoxical, a form of the sleep disorder that causes the person to hardly sleep but with very little daytime fatigue or sleepiness as a result
So What Causes Sleep Disorders Like This?
There are a number of things that are responsible for causing the various types of insomnia, such as:
- Substances – Caffeine, alcohol, and drugs are just a few substances that can cause the sleep disorders, but they are all stimulants that either prevent you from sleeping well during the night or prevent you from falling asleep.
- Anxiety and Stress – Both of these emotional causes are probably the most common causes of sleep disorders, and the anxiety and stress can range from mild worry or pressure to full blown depression and burnout.
- Medications – There are a number of medications that can affect sleep patterns, such as cortico-steroids, stimulants, allergy meds, hypertension meds, heart medications, and more. Even some OTC medications contain stimulants like caffeine and taurine, or even antihistamines that can cause urinary problems that cause you to be restless in the night.
- Poor sleep habits – If you are used to getting up in the middle of the night, you follow an irregular sleep schedule, or you sleep in an uncomfortable environment, a sleep disorder may be the result.
- Medical disorders – There are a number of disorders that can cause insomnia, such as GERD, cancer, heart failure, arthritis, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, strokes, and an overactive thyroid – among others.
- Learned insomnia – This occurs when people worry too much about sleeping, and the worry causes them to sleep poorly – at least until they move into a more conducive environment.
- Late Eating – Those that eat late in the evening often experience discomfort or pain as their food is digesting while they are laying down, and late eating can cause acid reflux, heartburn, and other problems that can be painful or disrupting.
- Age – As people age, they tend to sleep less and less. Changes in health, activities, sleep patterns, environments, and medications can often lead to insomnia.
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